days hrs min sec
  4th Circular Exhibition of Photography  


We will not extend closing date - please upload your photos on time

4th Circular Exhibition of Photography

Full PSA patronage 2023-496

Photo club Cattaro, Kotor, Montenegro
Photo club Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro
Cultural center Budva, Budva, Montenegro

Bogdan Bogojevic, Vidikovac BB, Kotor Montenegro, Chairman of the organising committee
Email of the Exhibition
Website of the Exhibition


- There are 5 sections, all digital:
A) OPEN COLOR (only color) PSA PID Color
B) LIFE COLOR (only color) PSA PID Color
C) OPEN MONOCHROME (only monochrome) PSA PID Monochrome
D) NATURE (color/greyscale  monochrome)) PSA ND
E) PHOTO TRAVEL (color/greyscale  monochrome) PSA PTD

- Monochrome images may not be entered in PID Color sections
- Each photo can be presented in only one section.

25$ USD for any 1 or 2 sections
35$ USD for any 3 or 4 or ALL 5 sections

For the group entry with more of 10 participants, discount is 20%

Possible ways of payment:
- PayPal transfer
- The works of the authors who did not pay the fee would not be taken into consideration.

Closing date:     20.10.2023.
Judging:     01.11.-10.11.2023.
Notification:     20.11.2023.
On-Line Gallery posted on the website after 20.11.2023.
EDAS submitted by: 12.12.2023.
On-line PDF Exhibition Catalogue:  20.01.2024.
Sending of awards: 20.01.2024.

All participants will receive report card notifications via e-mail.
The results of the exhibition will also be published on the website

Vicki MORITZ, EFIAP/d2, GMPSA/b, APSEM/s, Adv Dip Photo, Australia
Phong TRAN,
GMPSA, EFIAP/d2, EVAPA/g, Vietnam
Que TAN, FAPU, PPSA, China

Anges Van Der LOGT, ARPS, PPSA, Hon. CPE, Indonesia
Manfred PILLIK, EFIAP, Austria

Hadzi Miodrag MILADINOVIC, EFIAP/b, MF FSS, Serbia

DPA Badge for the best Author 
PSA Gold medal in each section (5 altogether)
DPA Gold medal in each section (5 altogether)
SALON Gold, Silver, Bronze medals in each section (15 altogether)
+5 SALON honourable mention in each section (25 altogether)

DPA Badge for the best Author 
PSA Gold medal in each section (5 altogether)
DPA Gold medal in each section (5 altogether)
SALON Gold, Silver, Bronze medals in each section (15 altogether)
+5 SALON honourable mention in each section (25 altogether)

DPA Badge for the best Author 
PSA Gold medal in each section (5 altogether)
DPA Gold medal in each section (5 altogether)
SALON Gold, Silver, Bronze medals in each section (15 altogether)
+5 SALON honourable mention in each section (25 altogether)

- Each author can receive only one award in each section.

On-line PDF Exhibition Catalogue.

All participants will receive report card notifications via e-mail.
The results of the exhibition will also be published on the website


This exhibition is open to anyone; however, an entry may be rejected when 
the Sponsor or the Exhibition Organizers, in their reasonable discretion, believes the entry does not conform to exhibition rules and these Conditions of Entry. Membership in any photographic organization is not required.

Penalties: Entries will not be accepted from any entrant who has put on the PSA Penalties List for Ethics 
Violation. Entry fees are not refundable in these circumstances

PSA Star Ratings
To receive proper Star ratings credit from PSA, entrants must provide their names and country exactly the same way 
in each exhibition. Aliases are not permitted. Please contact PSA in the event of name changes or relocating to 
another country. Using one’s name differently in different exhibition exposes the entrant to the risk that many of their acceptances may not be recognized by PSA Star Ratings.

Image Creation
Entries must originate as photographs (image-captures of objects via light sensitivity) made by the entrant on photographic emulsion or acquired digitally.

By virtue of submitting an image, the entrant certifies the work as his or her own.  Images may not incorporate 
elements produced by anyone else (for example: clip art, images or art by others downloaded from the Internet). 
Aliases are not allowed.

The entrant permits the sponsors to reproduce all or part of the entered material free of charge for publication and/or display in media related to the exhibition. This may include low resolution posting on a website.  The Photographic Society of America (PSA) may request specific permission from entrants to reproduce entered images in its 
educational materials. The terms of that permission will be mutually agreed between the entrant and PSA except in
 the circumstances where the entered image is found to breach the PSA Ethics Policy. In those circumstances the image may be reproduced by PSA, without the entrant’s further permission, for educational purposes to illustrate serious exhibition rule violations. For those reproductions, the 
entrant’s name will be withheld.

Entries will not be accepted from entrants who indicate that their images may not be reproduced in materials related
 to the exhibition.”   The exhibition assumes no liability of any misuse of copyright
Alteration and Computer Generation Subject to Divisional restrictions (particularly Nature, Photo Travel, and Photojournalism) images may be altered, either electronically or otherwise, by the entrant; adjustments to enhance images or creatively modify images are allowed providing the underlying photograph is retained in a way that is 
obvious to the viewer.  Images may not be constructed entirely with a computer, and must be the sole work of the entrant

Re-use of accepted images: Any image that has been accepted in this exhibition, past or present, may not be entered again in the same Division Star Ratings Class in any future.

Judging must retain complete anonymity of the entrants and not provide the judges with any means of determining 
any entrant’s personal details, such as name, email address, or country.

By entering this exhibition, you are explicitly consenting to the personal details you have supplied, including physical addresses, email addresses, being held, processed and used by the exhibition organizers for purposes associated
 with this exhibition. You also explicitly consent to such information being sent to organizations that have accorded official recognition, patronage or accreditation to this exhibition. You acknowledge, agree and accept that by entering this exhibition, your participation status which includes your first and last name, name of the country used during registration at the exhibition, number of sections entered and number of photos entered in those sections will be
 made public in a published status list and that the results of your entry shall be made public in exhibition gallery, exhibition catalog. You also agree and accept the policy regarding Breaches of Rules of the PSA.

- Photos must be in JPG file format, Max. image width (horizontal) is 1920 pix. Max. image height (vertical) is 1080 pix. 
in 300 dpi. compression 7-12, max 2Mb.

The Exhibition will be conducted in accordance with the rules of the PSA

An entrant’s images will not be presented to the judges consecutively.  An entrant’s four images will be distributed throughout four rounds of judging in that section.  Distribution of images will be in the same round order as submitted by the entrant.

Remote judging of images will be with calibrated computer monitors (minimum 19 inches) or high definition TV 
screens at 100% of the submitted pixel size (1920x1080 pix).
Equipment will be capable of displaying images at 100% of the image resolution, it will not resize any submitted
 images or change the aspect ratio of the original image to “Fit to screen” or to “Fill screen” by monitors or HDTV equipment.
Oversized images will be rejected and the entrant required to resubmit their entry with properly sized images.
All information, including image file names, provided to the judges for remote judging must retain complete anonymity
 of the entrants and not provide the judges with any means of determining any entrant’s personal details, such as 
name, email address, or country.

The target acceptance rate will be between 29% and 35% in each section.


Statement on Subject Matter - applicable to all sections
The fundamental rule that must be observed at all times and applies to all sections offered in exhibitions with PSA recognition is that the welfare of living creatures is more important than any photograph. This means that practices 
such as baiting of subjects with a living creature and removal of birds from nests, for the purpose of obtaining a photograph, are highly unethical, and such photographs are not allowed in any exhibition with PSA recognition.  
Under no circumstances may a living creature be placed in a situation where it will be killed, injured or stressed for
 the purpose of obtaining a photograph. Images that show live creatures being fed to captive animals, birds or reptiles are not permitted under any circumstances.
There are also concerns about the use of aerial photography, drones, helicopters, low flying aircraft. These should 
not cause any interference with other individuals or animals which causes a disturbance in their normal activity or disrupt the way any individuals or animals interact with their environment.  Entrants in PSA recognized exhibitions should comply with all relevant laws and regulations, associated with aerial photography, in the country 
in which the image was taken

Entry into PSA recognized exhibitions is conditional on accepting these policies.  The content of images must comply with the General Conditions and with the Division and Section definitions listed in these conditions. Images that - in 
the sole opinion of the judges or the Exhibition Organizers - do not comply, will be disqualified so the entrant may be aware of the problem when considering entry into other exhibitions with PSA recognition

Definition of Life Photography in PID-C
The closest definition of Life photos, color pictures of everyday life on which depict people, events, phenomena - Life itself. Monochrome images may not be entered in PID Color Sections. 

Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections

PSA Monochrome Definition
An image is considered to be Monochrome only if it gives the impression of having no color (i.e. contains only shades
 of grey which can include pure black and pure white) OR it gives the impression of being a greyscale image that has been toned in one color across the entire image. (For example by Sepia, red, gold, etc.)  A greyscale or multi-colored image modified or giving the impression of having been modified by partial toning, multi-toning or by the inclusion of spot coloring does not meet the definition of monochrome and shall be classified as a Color Work.

Monochrome images may not be entered in PID color sections. Separated section must be offered for PIDC and 

Toned images are not allowed in Nature, or Photo Travel Sections

Editing Guidelines for Nature and Photo Travel
These sections require images to be truthful records, so there are limits on the amount of manipulation allowed.

Editing Guidelines
Processing or editing must be limited to making the image look as close to the original scene as possible, except that conversion to grayscale monochrome is allowed.

Allowed editing techniques:
•    Cropping, straightening and perspective correction.
•    Removal or correction of elements added by the camera or lens, such as dust spots, noise, chromatic aberration and lens distortion.
•    Global and selective adjustments such as brightness, hue, saturation and contrast to restore the appearance of 
the original scene.
•    Complete conversion of color images to grayscale monochrome.
•    Blending of multiple images of the same subject and combining them in camera or with software (exposure
 blending or focus stacking);
•    Image stitching – combining multiple images with overlapping fields of view that are taken consecutively (panoramas);

Editing techniques that are not allowed:
•    Removing, adding to, moving or changing any part of an image, except for cropping and straightening.
•    Adding a vignette during processing.
•    Blurring parts of the image during processing to hide elements in the original scene.
•    Darkening parts of the image during processing to hide elements in the original scene.
•    All conversions other than to complete grayscale monochrome.
•    Conversion of parts of an image to monochrome, or partial toning, desaturation or over-saturation of color

Borders: For the purpose of this exhibition any border added to a digital file must be a single border of white or grey, 
no greater than 3-5 pixels in width.

PSA/FIAP Nature Definition

Content Guidelines
•    Nature photography records all branches of natural history except anthropology and archaeology. This includes 
all aspects of the physical world, both animate and inanimate, that have not been made or modified by humans.
•    Nature images must convey the truth of the scene that was photographed. A well-informed person should be able
 to identify the subject of the image and be satisfied that it has been presented honestly and that no unethical 
practices have been used to control the subject or capture the image. Images that directly or indirectly show any
 human activity that threatens the life or welfare of a living organism are not allowed.
•    The most important part of a Nature image is the nature story it tells. High technical standards are expected and
the image must look natural.
•    Objects created by humans, and evidence of human activity, are allowed in Nature images only when they are a necessary part of the Nature story.
•    Photographs of human-created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domesticated animals, 
human-created hybrid animals and mounted or preserved zoological specimens are not allowed.
•    Images taken with subjects under controlled conditions, such as zoos, are allowed.
•    Controlling live subjects by chilling, anaesthetic or any other method of restricting natural movement for the
 purpose of a photograph is not allowed.

Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections and to the Editing Guidelines for Nature and Photo Travel

Photo Travel PSA Definition
A Photo Travel image is a portrayal of the real world we live in, as it is found naturally. There are no geographic limitations.
Content guidance:

1.    If the image is predominantly or exclusively a land-, sea- or cityscape, these “scapes” must include characteristic, distinctive and recognizable physical features, although it is not necessary that the image identify the exact location;
2.    Images that predominantly or exclusively depict people and their activities must illustrate a distinctive culture of a country, region, or continent;
3.    Images that predominately or exclusively depict animal populations are allowed, if the animals are in their native environment and are characteristic of that country, region, or continent;
4.    Portraits or other close-ups of people or objects, in addition to meeting the above paragraphs as applicable, 
must include elements depicting some of the surrounding environment to make it obvious that the image was not 
taken in a studio setting;
5.    Images from events or activities arranged for photography, or of subjects directed or hired for photography, are NOT allowed.
6.    Time exposures are allowed, if they do not dominate the image as a special effect (star trails, for example, are a dominating effect).
7.    Highly distorted images such as those produced by fish eye lenses are NOT allowed.

Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections and to the Editing Guidelines for Nature, Photojournalism and Photo Travel

Breaches of Rules
Entrants are strongly advised to look at the PSA Ethics Policy which can be found at

If, at any time, it is determined in the reasonable discretion of the exhibition organizer or the judges before, during, or after the judging of an exhibition that an entrant has submitted entries where one or more images may fail to comply
 with these Conditions of Entry, including the stated definitions, exhibitions, on behalf of the judges, are allowed to request unedited or raw files of the submitted image

In order to ensure that images comply with the Conditions of Entry and definitions, the exhibition organizers may 
carry out reasonable measures to verify that:

a) the images are the original work of the entrant and

b) the images comply with the rules and definitions as set out in these Conditions of Entry

These steps include, but are not limited to, questioning any entrant, requiring the submission of RAW files or other digital files representing the original capture of the submitted image(s), confronting the entrant with evidence that 
one or more submitted images fails to comply with the Conditions of Entry (also known as Entry Rules), and offering
 the entrant a reasonable opportunity to provide counter evidence to refute the exhibition organizer’s evidence by a
 set deadline. Such entries that are not cleared or are still questionable after the entrant has presented evidence
 may be considered in breach of these Conditions of Entry, and declined. Such entries may be referred to PSA for further investigation of possible ethics violations

PSA, on receiving reports from exhibitions of possible breaches, retains the right to investigate in any way all complaints/suspicions of breaches of entry conditions, impose penalties if deemed necessary, void the acceptances 
of any image found to violate the PSA rules, include the entrant’s name on the list of sanctions provided to 
Exhibitions, and share such investigations with FIAP. Entrants automatically agree to these terms by the act of
 entering the Exhibition and agree to cooperate with any investigation.

If another party is submitting images on the entrant’s behalf, the entrant will still be held responsible for adhering to these Conditions of Entry (Entry Rules) and will be subject to penalties for any violations to these Conditions of Entry and PSA’s Statement of Ethics that may result.

If another party is processing images for an entrant or submitting images on the entrant’s behalf, the entrant will still 
be held responsible for adhering to all Conditions of Entry including the specific conditions in the relevant definitions.

NOTICE: When entrants fills in the Entry Form to submit an entry they will see the following feature to affirm they have read these Conditions of Entry

“I hereby confirm that I have read, understood and agree to the Conditions of Entry of this exhibition. I have read the PSA document to be found at . I am aware that PSA may apply penalties for breaches of these Conditions of Entry”

Failure to agree will mean that the application will not proceed.