days hrs min sec
  9th Circular Exhibition of Photography  
  "KOTOR CIRCUIT 2023"  


We will not extend closing date - please upload your photos on time


Montenegro - Ireland - Serbia - Croatia

ully PSA approved 2023-50

4 COUNTRY - 4 Shows - 4 Divisions - 8 Sections Exhibition


Photo club Cattaro, Kotor, Montenegro
Photo club Emerald, Bundoran, Republic of Ireland
Photo club Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia
Digitalna Foto Arhiva, Vukovar, Croatia

Bogdan Bogojevic, Vidikovac BB, Kotor Montenegro, Chairman of the organising committee
Email of the Exhibition
Website of the Exhibition

- There are 8 sections, all digital:

A) OPEN COLOR (color digital) PID-C
B) LIFE (color digital) PID-C
C) LANDSCAPE (color digital) PID-C
D) OPEN MONOCHROME (monochrome digital) PID-M
E) NATURE (color/monochrome digital) ND
F) BIRDS (color/monochrome digital) ND
G) PHOTOJOURNALISM (color/monochrome digital) PJD
H) PHOTO TRAVEL (color/monochrome digital) PTD

- Monochrome images may not be entered in PID Color sections
- Each photo can be presented in only one section.

ENTRY FEE (for all 4 Countries)

for any 1, 2 or 3 section
for any 4, 5 or 6 section
for any 7, 8 or 9 section

For the group entry with more of 10 participants, discount is 20%

Possible ways of payment:
- PayPal transfer
- The works of the authors who did not pay the fee would not be taken into consideration.

Closing date:     20.01.2023.
Judging:     01.02.-10.02.2023.
Notification:     20.02.20
On-Line Gallery:

EDAS: 12.03.2023.

On-line PDF Exhibition Catalog: 15.04.2023.
Sending of awards: 15.04.2023.


All participants will receive report card notifications via e-mail.
The results of the exhibition will also be published on the website


Montenegro (for all 8 sections):

Tianyi XIONG, China
Phong TRAN, EFIAP/d2, GMPSA, Vietnam

Ireland (for all 8 sections):  

Gunther RIEHLE, APSA, GMPSA/PLATINUM, PSA Diamond (PIDC, ND, PTD), PSA Galaxy (PIDM, PJD), Germany
Jasmina MOJSIN, AFIAP, Serbia

Serbia (for all 8 sections):  

Zoran MOJISIN, EFIAP, Serbia

Croatia (for all 8 sections):  

Petar SABOL, MFIAP, EFIAP/d1, EPSA, Croatia
Ovi D POP, EFIAP/G, Romania
Aleksandar BUDJEVAC, EFIAP, Serbia

An entrant’s four images will be distributed through out four rounds of judging for that section.
Each round of judging will not contain more than ONE image from each entrant.
Images will be judged with Benq W6000 Full HD projector in 1920x1080 pix.



DPA Badge for the best Author
PSA Gold medal in each section (8 altogether)
SALON Gold, Silver, Bronze medals in each section (24 altogether)
+ 3 SALON honorable mention ribbons in each section (24 altogether)

DPA Badge for the best Author
PSA Gold medal in each section (8 altogether)
SALON Gold, Silver, Bronze medals in each section (24 altogether)
+ 3 SALON honorable mention ribbons in each section (24 altogether)


DPA Badge for the best Author
PSA Gold medal in each section (8 altogether)
SALON Gold, Silver, Bronze medals in each section (24 altogether)
+ 3 SALON honorable mention ribbons in each section (24 altogether)

DPA Badge for the best Author
PSA Gold medal in each section (8 altogether)
SALON Gold, Silver, Bronze medals in each section (24 altogether)
+ 3 SALON honorable mention ribbons in each section (24 altogether)

The jury reserves the right to grant additional awards. Each author can receive only one award
in each of the section. The decision of the jury is final and irrevocable, complaints are not possible.


On-line PDF Exhibition Catalog.


This exhibition is open to anyone; however, an entry may be rejected when the Sponsor or the Exhibition Organizers,
in their reasonable discretion, believes the entry does not conform to exhibition rules and these Conditions of Entry. Membership in any photographic organization is not required.

Entries will not be accepted from any entrant who is currently sanctioned by PSA.  Entry fees are not refundable in
 these circumstances.

PSA Star Ratings
To receive proper Star ratings credit from PSA, entrants must provide their names and country exactly the same in
each exhibition. Aliases are not permitted. Please contact PSA in the event of name changes or relocating to another country. Using one’s name differently in different exhibition exposes the entrant to the risk that many of their acceptances may not be recognized by PSA Star Ratings.

Image Creation
Entries must originate as photographs (image-captures of objects via light sensitivity) made by the entrant on photographic emulsion or acquired digitally. 

By virtue of submitting an image, the entrant certifies the work as his or her own.  Images may not incorporate
elements produced by anyone else (for example: clip art, images or art by others downloaded from the Internet).
Aliases are not allowed. 

The entrant permits the sponsors to reproduce all or part of the entered material free of charge for publication and/or display in media related to the exhibition. This may include low resolution posting on a website.  Note: Entrants who indicate that their images may not be reproduced or used “will not be eligible for awards” or inclusion in audio-visuals
of the exhibition “and could be subject to disqualification” by the exhibition sponsors. The exhibition assumes no
liability of any misuse of copyright.

Alteration and Computer Generation
Subject to Divisional restrictions (particularly Nature, Photo Travel, and Photojournalism) images may be altered,
either electronically or otherwise, by the maker;  adjustments to enhance images or creatively modify images are allowed providing the underlying photograph is retained in a way that is obvious to the viewer.  Images may not be constructed entirely with a computer, and must be the sole work of the author.

Re-use of accepted images
Any  image that has been  accepted in this exhibition, past or present, may not be entered again in the same Division Star Ratings Class any future instances of this exhibition.  It may, of course, be entered in any other PSA recognised exhibitions but must always have the same title. Re-titling in another language is not allowed.

An Entry consists of, up to and including, four (4) images entered by a single entrant into the same Section. An
entrant may only enter a specific Section once. 

Each image must have a unique title that is a description of the image. That unique title must be used for entry of that image or of an identical Image  into any and all PSA-Recognized exhibitions. Titles must be 35 characters or fewer.
No titles may be visible to the judges, and nothing in the image may identify the maker. Titles may not include file extensions such as .jpg or .jpeg (or any other camera capture filenames such as IMG 471). Titles may not consist of personal identifiers possibly augmented by a number; or include words such as “untitled” or “no title”. Titles may not consist solely of numbers unless those numbers are prominently contained within the image, such as a contestant number in a race.

Color and Monochrome
Color and Monochrome images from the same capture that share substantial pictorial content in common will be considered the same image and must be given the same title.



- Photos must be in JPG file format, max. image width (horizontal) is 1920 pix. max. image height (vertical) is 1080

pix. in 300 dpi. compression 7-12, max 2Mb.

Oversized images will be rejected and the entrant is required to resubmit their entry with properly sized images.

The Exhibition will be conducted in accordance with the rules of the PSA

An entrant’s images will not be presented to the judges consecutively.  An entrant’s four images will be distributed throughout four rounds of judging in that section.  Distribution of images will be in the same round order as submitted by the entrant.


Remote judging of images will be with calibrated computer monitors (minimum 19 inches) or high definition TV
screens at 100% of the submitted pixel size (1920x1080 pix). Oversized images will be rejected and the entrant required to resubmit their entry with properly sized images.

Equipment will not resize any submitted images or change the aspect ratio of the original image to “Fit to screen” or
to “Fill screen” by monitors or HDTV equipment.

All information, including image file names, provided to the judges for remote judging will retain complete anonymity
of the entrants and not provide the judges with any means of determining any entrant’s personal details, such as
name, email address, or country. 

The target acceptance rate will be between 29% and 35% in each section. 

By entering this exhibition, you are explicitly consenting to the personal details you have supplied, including email addresses, being held, processed and used by the exhibition organizers for purposes associated with this exhibition. You also explicitly consent to such information being sent to organizations that have accorded official recognition, patronage or accreditation to this exhibition. You acknowledge and accept that entering this exhibition means that the status and results of your entry may be made public.

Our status page will be updated periodically. If any issues are noted, please contact Chairman to resolve.


Statement on Subject Matter applicable to all sections
The fundamental rule that must be observed at all times and applies to all sections offered in exhibitions with FIAP patronage or PSA recognition is that the welfare of living creatures is more important than any photograph.
This means that practices such as baiting of subjects with a living creature and removal of birds from nests, for the purpose of obtaining a photograph, are highly unethical, and such photographs are not allowed in any exhibition with FIAP patronage or PSA recognition.  Under no circumstances may a living creature be placed in a situation where it
will be killed, injured or stressed for the purpose of obtaining a photograph. This rule applies regardless of whether
or not the creature being killed, injured or stressed is visible in the captured image.

There are also concerns about the use of aerial photography, drones, helicopters, low flying aircraft. These should
not cause any interference with other individuals or animals which causes a disturbance in their normal activity or
disrupt the way any  individuals or animals interact with their environment. 

Entry in this exhibition is conditional on accepting these policies.  The content of images must comply with these General Conditions and with the Division and Section definitions listed in these conditions. Images that - in the sole opinion of the judges or the Exhibition Organizers - do not comply, will be disqualified so the entrant may be aware of the problem when considering entry into other exhibitions with FIAP patronage/PSA recognition.

Further details on the PSA's drone policy may be found at

PSA Monochrome Definition for PID

An image is considered to be Monochrome only if it gives the impression of having no Colour (i.e. contains only
shades of grey which can include pure black and pure white) OR it gives the impression of being a greyscale image
that has been toned in one Colour across the entire image. (For example by Sepia, red, gold, etc.)  A greyscale or
multi-Coloured image modified or giving the impression of having been modified by partial toning, multi-toning or by
the inclusion of spot Colouring does not meet the definition of monochrome and shall be classified as a Colour Work. 

Greyscale Monochrome images may be entered for Nature and Photojournalism but toned images are not permitted
for these divisions.

Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections

PSA/FIAP Nature Definition

Nature photography records all branches of natural history except anthropology and archaeology. This includes all aspects of the physical world, both animate and inanimate, that have not been made or modified by humans. 

Nature images must convey the truth of the scene that was photographed. A well-informed person should be able to identify the subject of the image and be satisfied that it has been presented honestly and that no unethical practices have been used to control the subject or capture the image. Images that directly or indirectly show any human activity that threatens the life or welfare of a living organism are not allowed. 

The most important part of a Nature image is the nature story it tells. High technical standards are expected and the image must look natural. Adding a vignette or blurring the background during processing is not allowed.

Objects created by humans, and evidence of human activity, are allowed in Nature images only when they are a necessary part of the Nature story. 

Photographs of human-created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domesticated animals, human-created hybrid animals and mounted or preserved zoological specimens are not allowed. 

Images taken with subjects under controlled conditions, such as zoos, are allowed. 

Controlling live subjects by chilling, anaesthetic or any other method of restricting natural movement for the purpose

of a photograph is not allowed.

No modification that changes the truth of a Nature image is allowed.  Images may be cropped but no other technique that removes, adds or moves any part of the image is allowed.

Techniques that remove elements added by the camera, such as dust spots, digital noise and lens flare are allowed.

Complete conversion of colour images to greyscale monochrome is allowed. Partial conversion, toning and infrared captures or conversions are not allowed.

Images of the same subject that are combined in-camera or with software by focus stacking or exposure blending are allowed. Multiple images with overlapping fields of view that are taken consecutively and combined in-camera or with software (image stitching) are allowed.

Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections


For the purpose of this exhibition any border added to a Nature digital file must be a single border of white or grey, no greater than 3 -5 pixels in width. 

PSA Photo Travel Definition

A Photo Travel image expresses the characteristic features or culture of a land as they are found naturally.  There are no geographical limitations.  Images from events or activities arranged specifically for photography, or of subjects directed or hired for photography are not permitted. Close up pictures of people or objects must include features that provide information about the location.

Techniques that add, relocate, replace or remove any element of the original image, except by cropping, are not permitted.  The only allowable adjustments are removal of dust or digital noise, restoration of the appearance of the original scene, and complete conversion to greyscale monochrome. Other derivations, including infrared, are not permitted.  All images must look natural.

Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections

Vignettes and Borders

For the purpose of this exhibition vignettes are not allowed in Photo Travel Digital images.  Any border added must

be a single border of white or grey, no greater than 3 -5 pixels in width. 

Breaches of Rules

If, at any time, it is determined in the reasonable discretion of the exhibition organizer or the judges before, during, or after the judging of an exhibition that an entrant has submitted entries where one or more images may fail to comply
with these Conditions of Entry, including the stated definitions, the exhibition organizers reserve the right to delete the entry from the exhibition and void any or all acceptances or awards in connection with the exhibition. Fees may be forfeited or refunded in these circumstances. The entrant acknowledges that the decision of the exhibition organizers
or the judges is final

In order to ensure that images comply with the Conditions of Entry and definitions, the exhibition organizers may
carry out reasonable measures to verify that:
a) the images are the original work of the entrant and
b) the images comply with the rules and definitions as set out in these Conditions of Entry

These steps include, but are not limited to, questioning any entrant, requiring the submission of RAW files or other digital files representing the original capture of the submitted image(s), confronting the entrant with evidence that one
or more submitted images fails to comply with the Conditions of Entry (also known as Entry Rules), and offering the entrant a reasonable opportunity to provide counter evidence to refute the exhibition organizer’s evidence by a set deadline. Such entries that are not cleared or are still questionable after the entrant has presented evidence may be considered in breach of these Conditions of Entry, and declined. Such entries may be referred to PSA for further investigation of possible ethics violations

PSA retains the right to investigate in any way all complaints/suspicions of breaches of entry conditions, impose sanctions if deemed necessary, void the acceptances of any image found to violate the PSA rules, include the
entrant’s name on the list of sanctions provided to Exhibitions, and share such investigations with FIAP. Entrants automatically agree to these terms by the act of entering the Exhibition and agree to cooperate with any investigation.

If another party is submitting images on the entrant’s behalf, the entrant will still be held responsible for adhering to these Conditions of Entry (Entry Rules) and will be subject to sanction for any violations to these Conditions of
Entry and PSA’s Statement of Ethics that may result. If another party is processing images for an entrant or
submitting images on the entrant’s behalf, the entrant will still be held responsible for adhering to all Conditions of
Entry including the specific conditions in the relevant definitions


When an entrant fills in the Entry Form to submit an entry the entrant will see a feature to affirm he or she has read these Conditions of Entry when he or she fills out the entry form.  If the entrant does not so affirm the entry will not
be submitted.

Licence agreement

By submitting an entry, the entrant certifies legal Age, and own all rights to these images, including copyright or
parents or guardians gives permission on his/her behalf if he/she is not of Legal Age.
The exhibit